New Perspectives for Modern Trauma Management – Lessons Learned from 25 Years FAST and 15 Years E-FAST.

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New Perspectives for Modern Trauma Management – Lessons Learned from 25 Years FAST and 15 Years E-FAST.

Ultraschall Med. 2019 Oct;40(5):560-583

Authors: Osterwalder J, Mathis G, Hoffmann B

Abstract
E-FAST (Extended-Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma) is now a widely utilized and internationally recognized standard exam in trauma care. It is highly accepted by emergency physicians and trauma surgeons alike. Thanks to the popularity of PoCUS (point-of-care ultrasound), it has continued to evolve over the last years and can now improve trauma diagnosis at all stages of the primary ABCDE. This review article summarizes key observations made over recent years and also highlights the extension of FAST into E-FAST in the context of PoCUS and CT developments for modern trauma management. Time has come to learn the lessons from 25 years of FAST and 15 years of E-FAST. We should redefine and position ultrasound in the primary ATLS survey (Advanced Trauma Life Support) on two levels: 1. Basic ATLS with new clinical questions, six additional abdominal image sections and one or more follow-up examinations depending on the clinical situation, and 2. Advanced ATLS with ultrasound applications for the entire trauma ABCDE.

PMID: 31597173 [PubMed – in process]